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Título: Debian lamenta el fallecimiento de Ian Murdock- Enlace 1 - Enlace 2

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Bits from Debian

Debian lamenta el fallecimiento de Ian Murdock
Wed 30 December 2015 by Ana Guerrero Lopez, Donald Norwood y Paul Tagliamonte with tags ian murdock debian in memoriam

Ian Murdock

Con el corazón compungido, Debian lamenta el fallecimiento de Ian Murdock, firme partidario del software libre y abierto, padre, hijo y el 'ian' en Debian.

Ian empezó el proyecto en agosto de 1993, publicando la primera versión de Debian más tarde en el mismo año. Debian se convertiría así en el sistema operativo universal para el mundo, funcionando en cualquier dispositivo, desde sistemas embebidos hasta la estación espacial.

Ian se centró en crear una distribución y una cultura de comunidad que hiciera lo correcto tanto en lo ético como en lo técnico. Publicar cuando esté listo y una postura firme sobre la libertad de software son las reglas de oro en el mundo del software libre y de código abierto.

La devoción le guió en su trabajo, tanto en Debian como en los años posteriores, siempre trabajando hacia un futuro lo mejor posible.

El sueño de Debian está vivo, la comunidad permanece increíblemente activa con miles de desarrolladores que trabajan incontables horas para ofrecer un sistema operativo seguro y confiable.

La comunidad de Debian da el pésame a la familia en este momento tan difícil.

Su familia nos ha pedido discreción durante estos momentos difíciles y deseamos respetarlo. Desde dentro de Debian y de la amplia comunidad de Linux podemos expresar nuestras muestras de condolencia a in-memoriam-ian@debian.org, donde serán guardadas y archivadas.

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Ian Murdock: a tribute to the man and his work on Linux

Murdock’s work combined an insistence on excellence with a public commitment to open, ethical software development, writes Doc Searls


Doc Searls

Friday 1 January 2016 03.56 GMT
Last modified on Friday 1 January 2016 18.05 GMT



Ian Murdock, who died in San Francisco on 28 December, was the co-creator of the Debian, the Linux distribution he founded while an undergraduate at Indiana’s Purdue University in 1993.

The circumstances of Murdock’s death have not been made public. After praising Murdock for the good work he did for the company and the world, a statement from his most recent employer Docker added that “Ian’s family has requested that well-wishers and press respect their privacy and direct all inquiries through Docker”.

Back in 1993, Linux itself was less than two years old and a year away from version 1.0. Collaborating with him was his then-wife Deborah Lynn – she was the Deb of Debian, and he was the ian. He also created the apt-get package manager.

Let’s pause here to explain what those are, because our lives would likely not be the same without them.

First, Linux is the operating system on which countless websites and services, such as Google’s and Amazon’s, are built. It is embedded in many billions of devices, such as Android phones. That’s because choosing to build software on Linux today is kind of like choosing to build a house using frame construction. You’re going to put your floors, walls, ceilings and roof on a frame of studs, joists, headers and braces. Linux, or something like it (such as the derivative of a competitor that lies at the base of Apple’s OS X) is the hidden stuff on top of which all the visible stuff is added.

But Linux is just what’s called a kernel. What makes the kernel useful is a distribution you might compare to the truck that hauls in your building materials. Then your main tool box is the package manager. With the apt-get command, software installs itself. In a 2007 blog post, Murdock explained why package management was “the biggest advancement Linux brought to the industry”.

“It used to be that operating systems were big, monolithic products, and applications were big, monolithic products you put on top of them,” he wrote.

“If you wanted to deploy, say, a web application, you sourced the middleware stack (which itself was probably several big products too), you sourced the operating system, and you (often painfully) had to integrate the two yourself – or pay a big company lots of money to do it for you.

“These days, you increasingly just ‘apt-get install whatever’.”

Debian and apt-get succeeded for organizational as well as technical reasons. Like Linux, Debian was produced and constantly improved by a community of programmers who shared common beliefs and principles about how code should be created, improved and shared.

His principle was to produce the best code for the most people, and that principle won't die
Doc Searles

Guiding that process was the Debian Manifesto, which Murdock posted in January 1994. Writes Cory Doctorow: “The Debian project fundamentally shifted the way free/open code got made by fusing an insistence on engineering excellence with a public declaration of the ethical nature of doing free software development.”

Docker adds that “in fact the formative document of the open source movement itself (the Open Source Definition) was originally a Debian position statement”.

While he stayed involved with Debian after his college years, Murdock moved on to other work in the software industry, serving at the Linux Foundation, Sun Microsystems and Salesforce before landing at Docker.

Throughout those years, he always subordinated his personal work, and even his technical preferences, to the principles that produce the best code for the most people. Those principles won’t die, and are proved every time we use code Murdock wrote or inspired – something none of us who use technology can avoid.

Doc Searls is senior editor for Linux Journal and alumnus fellow of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University



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Muere en extrañas circunstancias Ian Murdock, el fundador de Debian

http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/12/30/ian_murdock_debian_founder/



Debian Linux founder Ian Murdock dead at 42

Tributes pour in for open-source pioneer who had threatened to kill himself on



30 Dec 2015 at 19:29, Chris Williams



Debian GNU/Linux founder Ian Murdock has died. He was 42.



Murdock is best known for launching the open-source distro in 1993. Just last month, he joined the technology startup Docker in San Francisco.



Debian guru ... Ian Murdock



On Monday afternoon, he posted a string of distressing and erratic tweets, revealing he had been arrested by police near his home in the city, and that he was accused of assaulting an officer. Murdock was also threatening to kill himself. After people reached out to him, he appeared to calm down, vowing instead to clear his name. Murdock died that evening. His Twitter account has since been disabled.



"It is with great sadness that we inform you that Ian Murdock passed away on Monday night," Docker CEO Ben Golub confirmed today. He added:



    Ian was perhaps best known professionally as the founder of the Debian project, which he created while still a student at Purdue University, where he earned his bachelor’s degree in computer science in 1996. Debian was one of the first Linux distros to be forged, and it is widely regarded as a one of the most successful open-source projects ever launched. Ian helped pioneer the notion of a truly open project and community, embracing open design and open contribution; in fact the formative document of the open source movement itself (the Open Source Definition) was originally a Debian position statement. It is a testament to Ian’s commitment to openness and community that there are now more than 1,000 people currently involved in Debian development.



    In the past decade, Ian’s contributions to the tech community continued, as CTO of the Linux Foundation, as a senior leader at Sun Microsystems (including serving as Chief architect of Project Indiana); and most recently as Vice President of Platforms at Indianapolis-based ExactTarget, which became part of Salesforce in 2012.



    We consider ourselves lucky to have known Ian and worked with him. He amazed everyone whom he worked with for the depth of his thinking, passion and experience. He was truly brilliant and an inspiration to many of us; his death is a loss to all whom he has known and touched.



The free-software community was stunned by news of Murdock's death.



"With a heavy heart, Debian mourns the passing of Ian Murdock, stalwart proponent of Free Open Source Software, Father, Son, and the 'ian' in Debian," the Linux organization said in a statement.



"Ian's dream has lived on, the Debian community remains incredibly active, with thousands of developers working untold hours to bring the world a reliable and secure operating system. The thoughts of the Debian Community are with Ian's family in this hard time."



While Ian is the "ian" in Debian, "Deb" is Debra Lynn, Murdock's girlfriend while he was creating the project. They married in 1993, and divorced in 2008. It is understood Murdock was the father of two daughters and one son.



The cause of death is not known at this stage, but it is not believed to be suspicious. A spokesperson for Docker said it was a "private matter."



According to the San Francisco police, officers were called to Steiner and Union St in the city at 11.30pm on Saturday, December 26, following reports of a man trying to break into a home – that man was identified as Ian Murdock. He reportedly fought with the cops, and was given a ticket for two counts of assault and one for obstruction of an officer. The techie had been drinking, according to the police logs. A medic arrived to treat an abrasion to Murdock's forehead, and he was released so he could be taken to hospital.



A few hours later, on Sunday, December 27 at 2.40am, police were called again to reports of Murdock banging on the door of a neighbor at the very same block. A medic arrived to treat him for any injuries. Officers then took Murdock to the county jail where he was held in a cell.



Murdock was bailed later that day, on Sunday, after a bond, said to be $25,000, was paid. He died the next day.



His family has asked people to respect their privacy during this difficult time.

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